Vaccination protocols are recommended by the drug company that makes the product however this is not to say it is the 'best practice'.
Easy, the drug company has to answer to share holders so their 1st and foremost motivation is to satisfy those share holders, then and maybe then comes the welfare of your dog or cat. It is in the drug company's best interest to recommend annual vaccinations. It's not rocket science to work out why.
As the owner and /or breeder of dogs and cats, you MUST be fully informed. The information is out there. There is heaps and truck loads of all the best research and evidence which has been done in America, which leads the way in making postive changes for your dog and cat. You can read various article from notable veterinarians about the research and the evidence they proudly put their name to AND these people ARE truly motivated by the welfare of your dog or cat.
I would like to make you aware that all 27 veterinary schools in North America are in the process of changing their protocols for vaccinating dogs and cats. Some of this information will present an ethical & economic challenge to vets, and there will be skeptics. Some organizations have come up with a political compromise suggesting vaccinations every 3 years to appease those who fear loss of income vs those concerned about potential side effects.
Politics, traditions 20 or the doctor's economic well being should not be a factor in medical decision.
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UseThe following vaccine protocol is offered for those dogs where minimal vaccinations are advisable or desirable. The schedule is one I recommend and should not interpreted to mean that other protocols recommended by a veterinarian would be less satisfactory. It's a matter of professional judgment and choice.
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An article in DVM, the Newsletter of Veterinary Medicine describes the contents of the American Animal Hospital Association's 2003 Canine Vaccine Guidelines. Excellent place to start with fabulous quotes from task force members.
Some quotes from that article:
Under Booster Vaccines: "Of the core vaccines, the taskforce recommends that the adult dog receive rabies; canine parvovirus vaccine; canine adenovirus-2 (hepatitis vaccine); and distemper vaccines every three years.
The caveat to the recommendation, says Ford, is that there is good evidence that the protection conferred in adult dogs by both canine distemper and canine parvovirus exceeds five years."
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Thirty laboratory dogs were randomly assigned to two groups (A and B) of 15 dogs and subcutaneously vaccinated with a single dose of one of two commercially available monovalent inactivated rabies vaccines: RABISIN1 (Merial, France) (group A) and NOBIVAC2 Rabies (Intervet International) (group B). Rabies antibodies were measured over a period of 4 months using the fluorescent antibody virus neutralization (FAVN) test. The two vaccines performed differently in terms of magnitude and persistence of rabies antibodies titers in dogs.
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